Geography of Windsor County, Vermont

Windsor County, located in the southeastern part of Vermont, is characterized by its picturesque landscapes, rolling hills, and charming towns. Covering an area of approximately 975 square miles, Windsor County is known for its rich history, vibrant communities, and diverse geography shaped by its rivers, lakes, and mountains. Check climateforcities to learn more about the state of Vermont.


Windsor County lies within the Green Mountains region of Vermont, situated between the Connecticut River to the east and the Ottauquechee River to the west. The county’s landscape is characterized by rolling hills, fertile valleys, and forested mountains, with elevations ranging from around 400 feet above sea level in the valleys to over 4,000 feet in the higher elevations.

The county is home to several prominent mountain ranges, including the Green Mountains to the west and the Taconic Mountains to the east. Mount Ascutney, located in the eastern part of the county, is one of the most iconic peaks in Windsor County, offering stunning views of the surrounding countryside and the Connecticut River Valley.


Windsor County experiences a humid continental climate, with four distinct seasons characterized by varying temperatures and precipitation patterns.

Summers in Windsor County are warm and humid, with average high temperatures ranging from the upper 70s to the low 80s Fahrenheit. Heatwaves are common during the summer months, with temperatures occasionally reaching into the 90s. Thunderstorms are frequent, bringing heavy rainfall and occasional gusty winds.

Winters in Windsor County are cold and snowy, with average high temperatures typically in the 20s and 30s Fahrenheit. Snowfall is common, particularly in the higher elevations, with several feet of accumulation expected throughout the winter months. Arctic air masses from Canada can bring frigid temperatures, with occasional cold snaps sending temperatures plummeting below zero.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons in Windsor County, characterized by fluctuating temperatures and changing foliage. Spring brings warmer weather and the blooming of flowers, while fall sees temperatures gradually cooling and the onset of colorful foliage as the leaves change before winter sets in.

Rivers and Lakes

Windsor County is home to several rivers, streams, and lakes, which play a crucial role in the region’s ecology, economy, and recreation.

The Connecticut River forms the eastern boundary of Windsor County, flowing from north to south along the Vermont-New Hampshire border. This majestic river provides habitat for a variety of fish species, including trout, bass, and salmon, making it popular among anglers. The Connecticut River also offers opportunities for boating, kayaking, and wildlife viewing.

In addition to the Connecticut River, Windsor County contains several smaller rivers and streams, including the Ottauquechee River, White River, and Black River. These waterways provide habitat for fish and wildlife and offer opportunities for fishing, canoeing, and tubing.

Windsor County also contains several lakes and reservoirs, both natural and man-made. Lake Rescue, located in the town of Ludlow, is one of the largest lakes in the county. This natural lake offers opportunities for fishing, boating, and water sports, attracting visitors from across the region.


The vegetation of Windsor County is predominantly composed of forests, woodlands, and agricultural fields.

Deciduous forests cover much of the county, consisting of species such as maple, birch, and beech. These forests provide habitat for a variety of wildlife species, including deer, moose, and black bears, and contribute to the county’s scenic beauty and recreational opportunities.

Woodlands and wetlands are also common in Windsor County, particularly along the riverbanks and in low-lying areas. Species such as hemlock, spruce, and cedar are common in these woodlands, providing habitat for a variety of birds, mammals, and amphibians.

Agriculture is a major land use in Windsor County, with large tracts of land devoted to the production of crops such as hay, corn, and soybeans, as well as livestock grazing. The fertile soils of the region, combined with adequate rainfall and a favorable climate, support a thriving agricultural industry that contributes to the local economy.

Human Impact

Human activity has had a significant impact on the geography of Windsor County, particularly in terms of agriculture, tourism, and conservation.

Agriculture is an important economic activity in Windsor County, with farming and dairy production providing livelihoods for many residents. Small family farms dot the countryside, producing a variety of crops and livestock products for local consumption and export.

Tourism is also a major economic driver in Windsor County, with visitors drawn to the region’s scenic beauty, outdoor recreational opportunities, and historic attractions. The county is home to several ski resorts, including Okemo Mountain Resort and Suicide Six, which offer skiing, snowboarding, and other winter sports. In addition, the region’s picturesque villages, covered bridges, and historic sites attract visitors year-round.

Conservation efforts have been implemented to protect and preserve the natural beauty and ecological integrity of Windsor County. Organizations such as the Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife and the Green Mountain National Forest work to manage public lands, enforce regulations, and educate visitors about responsible stewardship. Efforts are also underway to address threats such as habitat loss, invasive species, and climate change, which pose challenges to the long-term health and sustainability of the region’s ecosystems.


In conclusion, Windsor County, Vermont, offers a diverse array of geographical features, including rivers, mountains, and forests. The county’s humid continental climate, with its warm summers and cold winters, influences life in the region and shapes activities such as agriculture, tourism, and conservation. While human activity has altered the landscape, efforts to conserve and protect the county’s natural resources ensure that its geography remains a defining feature of the region for generations to come.

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