Geography of Coffee County, Georgia

Coffee County, nestled in the heart of southern Georgia, boasts a rich tapestry of geographical features, from its gently rolling hills to its meandering rivers and tranquil lakes. With a warm, humid climate and fertile soils, Coffee County is an agricultural hub known for its diverse landscapes, outdoor recreational opportunities, and vibrant communities.


According to Weddinginfashion, Coffee County spans approximately 603 square miles (1,561 square kilometers) in south-central Georgia. It is bordered by several other counties, including Atkinson County to the west, Ware County to the east, Bacon County to the north, and Telfair County to the south. The county’s landscape is characterized by gently rolling terrain, with elevations ranging from around 150 to 300 feet (46 to 91 meters) above sea level.

The county’s topography is primarily shaped by its proximity to the Okefenokee Swamp, a vast wetland ecosystem that extends into neighboring counties. While Coffee County itself is not part of the swamp, its landscape is influenced by the swamp’s hydrology and ecological characteristics.


Coffee County experiences a humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and mild, relatively dry winters. The county’s location in southern Georgia and its proximity to the Gulf of Mexico influence its climate patterns, resulting in warm temperatures year-round and occasional tropical weather systems.

Summer in Coffee County is typically hot and humid, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-70s°F (24°C) in the morning to the low to mid-90s°F (32-35°C) in the afternoon. High humidity levels can make the summer months feel even hotter, with frequent afternoon thunderstorms providing temporary relief from the heat.

Winter in Coffee County is generally mild and dry, with average temperatures in the 40s to 60s°F (4-16°C) during the day and cooler temperatures at night. While frost is rare in the county, occasional cold fronts can bring cooler temperatures and breezy conditions.

Rivers and Lakes:

While Coffee County is not known for its large rivers and lakes, it is traversed by several waterways that contribute to the region’s natural beauty and provide recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. Some of the notable rivers and streams in Coffee County include:

  1. Ocmulgee River: The Ocmulgee River forms part of Coffee County’s western boundary, flowing southward through central Georgia before eventually joining the Altamaha River and emptying into the Atlantic Ocean. The river provides habitat for fish and wildlife and offers opportunities for boating, fishing, and kayaking.
  2. Satilla River: Located to the east of Coffee County, the Satilla River is a blackwater river known for its scenic beauty and abundant wildlife. The river is popular for fishing, paddling, and birdwatching, with opportunities to spot alligators, otters, and various bird species along its banks.

While Coffee County does not have any major lakes, there are several smaller ponds and reservoirs scattered throughout the region, providing additional recreational opportunities for fishing, boating, and wildlife viewing.

Vegetation and Agriculture:

Coffee County’s fertile soils and favorable climate make it an ideal region for agriculture. The county’s agricultural sector is diverse, with crops ranging from row crops such as cotton, peanuts, and corn to specialty crops like blueberries and pecans.

In addition to traditional agriculture, Coffee County is also home to pine forests and hardwood stands, particularly in the northern part of the county. These forests provide habitat for wildlife, including deer, turkey, and various bird species, and contribute to the region’s biodiversity and natural beauty.

Communities and Economy:

Coffee County is home to several communities, each offering its own unique blend of small-town charm, southern hospitality, and modern amenities. The county seat and largest city is Douglas, known for its historic downtown district, annual festivals, and cultural attractions.

Other communities in Coffee County include Nicholls, Ambrose, and Broxton, each with its own distinct character and sense of community. These towns serve as centers of commerce, education, and recreation for residents of the surrounding area.

The economy of Coffee County is primarily based on agriculture, manufacturing, healthcare, and retail trade. Agriculture remains a significant driver of the local economy, providing employment opportunities and contributing to the county’s overall prosperity.

Manufacturing is also an important industry in Coffee County, with companies producing a variety of goods, including textiles, automotive parts, and food products. Healthcare and retail trade sectors provide essential services and support the county’s growing population and economy.


In summary, Coffee County, Georgia, is a region of natural beauty, agricultural abundance, and southern charm. From its gently rolling hills and fertile farmland to its meandering rivers and tranquil lakes, Coffee County offers a diverse array of geographical features and recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. With its warm climate, thriving communities, and strong economy, Coffee County remains a vibrant and welcoming destination in the heart of southern Georgia.

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