Geography of Broome County, New York

Broome County, located in the southern tier of New York State, is a region characterized by its diverse geography, vibrant urban centers, and picturesque natural landscapes. From its rolling hills and fertile valleys to its winding rivers and scenic lakes, Broome County offers a blend of rural charm and modern amenities. In this exploration, we’ll delve into the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features of Broome County.


According to sunglasseswill, Broome County encompasses an area of approximately 715 square miles, making it one of the larger counties in New York by land area. It is situated in the southern part of the state, bordered by the counties of Chenango to the east, Delaware to the southeast, Tioga to the south, and Cortland to the west. The county seat and largest city is Binghamton.

The geography of Broome County is characterized by its rolling hills, fertile valleys, and meandering rivers. The county lies within the Appalachian Plateau region, a large area of elevated landmasses that extends across several northeastern states.

The landscape of Broome County is shaped by the presence of the Susquehanna River and its tributaries, as well as numerous creeks, streams, and small lakes. The county is also home to several state parks, nature reserves, and conservation areas, which protect important habitats and provide opportunities for outdoor recreation.


Broome County experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons and moderate precipitation throughout the year. The region’s climate is influenced by its location in the northeastern United States and its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean.

Summers in Broome County are typically warm and humid, with daytime temperatures averaging in the 70s and 80s Fahrenheit. Thunderstorms are common during the summer months, bringing heavy rainfall and occasional lightning.

Winters in Broome County are cold and snowy, with temperatures often dropping below freezing from December to February. Snowfall accumulates throughout the winter months, creating ideal conditions for winter sports such as skiing, snowboarding, and snowshoeing.

Spring and autumn in Broome County are relatively mild, with temperatures gradually warming up in the spring and cooling down in the autumn. These seasons are favored by many residents for outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and enjoying the colorful foliage in the county’s parks and nature reserves.

Rivers and Lakes:

Broome County is traversed by several rivers and streams that provide important habitats for wildlife and offer recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. One of the most significant waterways in the county is the Susquehanna River, which flows from its headwaters in upstate New York through Broome County and into Pennsylvania. The Susquehanna River and its tributaries provide opportunities for fishing, boating, and wildlife viewing, as well as scenic beauty as they wind their way through the countryside.

In addition to the Susquehanna River, Broome County is home to several smaller rivers and creeks, including the Chenango River, the Tioughnioga River, and the Otselic River. These waterways meander through the county’s rural and suburban areas, providing important water sources for wildlife and offering opportunities for hiking, fishing, and picnicking.

While Broome County does not have any natural lakes, it is home to several man-made reservoirs and ponds, including Whitney Point Reservoir and Chenango Lake. These bodies of water provide opportunities for boating, fishing, and camping, as well as scenic beauty and tranquility in the heart of the county’s countryside.

Notable Features:

Broome County is home to several notable landmarks and attractions that showcase the region’s cultural heritage and natural beauty. One of the most iconic features of the county is the Kopernik Observatory & Science Center, located in Vestal. The observatory offers public programs, stargazing events, and educational workshops, allowing visitors to learn about astronomy and explore the wonders of the universe.

Another popular destination in Broome County is the Binghamton University Nature Preserve, a 190-acre natural area located on the university’s campus. The preserve features hiking trails, wetlands, and scenic overlooks, providing opportunities for outdoor recreation and wildlife viewing in the heart of the city.


In conclusion, Broome County offers a diverse array of geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other natural features that make it a unique and appealing destination for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers. From its rolling hills and fertile valleys to its winding rivers and scenic lakes, this corner of southern New York provides endless opportunities for outdoor exploration, adventure, and appreciation of the natural world. Whether you’re hiking along the Susquehanna River, exploring the Kopernik Observatory, or enjoying a picnic in one of the county’s parks, Broome County has something to offer for everyone.

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