First Church of Christ in Boston (USA) – description, history, location. Exact address and website. Reviews of tourists, photos and videos.
This church is the headquarters and the main temple of the adepts of Christian Science (not to be confused with Scientologists) in the world and at the same time is the most beautiful architectural ensemble of the city. Christian Science itself as a religious movement was born in Massachusetts in 1875 with the publication of Science and Health by Mary Baker Eddy, and the first church was built on the site in 1894. Today, the complex includes in addition to it a new building, built in 1906., as well as a library, a community house, a building with a colonnade and a hall “Reflection”. In addition, there is a swimming pool and a children’s fountain on site. See citypopulationreview for state facts, symbols and history of Mississippi.
The original church building was completed eight years after the world’s first Christian Science Church was built in Oconto, Wisconsin. Although the church was quite large for its time, it is often overlooked today, eclipsed by a more modern and much larger church building. The old building, erected from New Hampshire granite (Mary Baker Eddy’s home state), is distinguished by a relatively austere appearance, a rectangular tower and a massive 38 m high spire.
The new church was built from 1904 to 1906. according to the original plan of Charles Brigham, which in 1905 was significantly altered by S. Beeman. The latter reduced the number of Ottoman and Byzantine elements, reorienting the domed building towards the classical style, which he considered more appropriate for a Christian church. Today, it is this church, reminiscent of Catholic Romanesque cathedrals, that is among the main city must-sees for any tourist.
Today, it is this church, reminiscent of Catholic Romanesque cathedrals, that is among the main city must-sees for any tourist.
The library is housed in an eleven-story neoclassical building built between 1932 and 1934. The building became a historical landmark of the city, and its complete restoration was completed in 2002.
In 1952, the new church received an organ, one of the largest in the world.
The Christian Science Center was built in the 1960s and today covers an area of 57 thousand square meters. m. Together with a fountain, a colonnade and a pool, it is considered one of the most popular city attractions among tourists.
It is important not to be confused: there is another First Church in Boston that has nothing to do with Christian Science. Boston’s First Church is a Unitarian church that was founded in 1630. However, the building itself, which can be seen today in the Back Bay, on Marlborough Street, dates from 1968: it replaced an earlier building that was destroyed by fire. Nevertheless, this is a very picturesque and interesting building from an architectural point of view with a high, pointed bell tower and a facade that includes part of the burnt building of 1867.
According to the church charter, Christian Science Church communities in different cities are numbered according to the ordinal number of the founding, therefore the church in Boston is called “First”. According to the same charter, only the first, maternal, has the right to the definite article the in the title.
Address: Christian Science Center.
The church is located in the city center, at the intersection of Huntington Avenue and Massachusetts Avenue, between the Prudential and Symphony public transportation stations.
Faignel Hall (USA) – description, history, location. Exact address, phone number, website. Reviews of tourists, photos and videos.
Faynel Hall was once the main meeting place for citizens, markets and other social events. Today, the building is part of the Boston National Historical Park and Freedom Way (Fanyel Hall is sometimes even called the “cradle of freedom”), so it’s impossible not to see it.
The building was built in the 1740s. in Dock Square in the style of an English country market, with an open ground floor that served as a shopping arcade and a meeting room on the floor above. In the early history of Boston, slave auctions were held here. In 1761 the building burned down in a fire and was rebuilt a year later. In 1775, during the British occupation, a theater was placed inside. In 1805, Faignel Hall was enlarged, doubling its height and width by adding another floor and entrances (there were seven in total). The last time the building was rebuilt in 1898-1899, and it was this version of it that was recognized in 1960 as a national historic landmark.
Today, Faignel Hall is part of a large and vibrant city marketplace, which also includes three long granite buildings side by side.
In 2008, Faignel Hall was ranked fourth on Forbes Travel magazine’s list of America’s most visited tourist attractions.
Today, Faignel Hall is part of a large and vibrant city marketplace, which also includes three long granite buildings nearby: North Market, Quincy Market and South Market. All together works as an indoor and outdoor mall and a large food court.
The bronze grasshopper weather vane on the spire of Faignel Hall is a recognizable symbol of Boston. It was created in 1742 and covered with gold leaf. The length of the grasshopper is about 1.2 m, and it weighs over 8 kg.
The French word faneuil in the name of the building was first changed to “fan”, and then it became pronounced as “faenel” or “feniel”. Today, the locals call this not only the building itself, but the whole area around, famous for its nightlife.
The area east of Faignel Hall, between it and Congress Street, belongs to Boston National Historical Park. Here you can see a 19th century sculpture depicting Samuel Adams. Here you can also see a fragment of the historic embankment of 1630.
In addition to Faignel Hall, the National Historical Park includes the Bunker Hill monument (a granite obelisk in memory of the battle of the same name in 1775), the Charleston Navy Dock (a former Navy base where the Constitution and Cassin Young ships stand today), Dorchester- heights (a monument in the park of the same name, which was used by General George Washington as a fortified position in 1776), Old North Church (church built in 1723), Old South Meeting House (built in 1729, now a museum), the Old Capitol (built in 1713, Boston’s oldest municipal building) and Paul Revere’s house.
Address: Faneuil Hall sq, 1.
Opening hours: from November 1 to December 1 from Monday to Thursday from 10:00 to 19:00, on Friday – Saturday until 21:00, on Sunday until 18:00. From January 1 to March 31 from 10:00 to 18:00 daily. From April 1 to May 31 from Monday to Saturday from 10:00 to 20:00, on Sunday until 18:00. From June 1 to October 31 from Monday to Saturday from 10:00 to 21:00, on Sunday until 18:00.