Andes Mountains, Chile

Climate and Weather in Andes Mountains, Chile

The climate of the Andes Mountains

According to Bridgat, the Andes Mountains are about 7000 kilometers long and run through seven South American countries: Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela. This makes the Andes Mountains the largest mountain range on land in the world. The average height of the Andes Mountains is 4000 meters, with peaks that can rise above 6000 meters. The mountain range can be roughly divided into the southern Andes, the central Andes and the northern Andes.

The northern Andes is located in Bolivia, Venezuela and Ecuador and consists mainly of volcanic peaks of 5000 meters. This section also contains the Nudo de los Pastos, which splits the mountain range in two.

The central Andes runs from Peru to Chile and has the highest peaks of the mountain range. The Huascarán is 6768 meters high and is the third highest point of the mountain range. A major earthquake on this mountain in 1970 covered the entire city of Yungay under snow and rubble, killing 20,000 people. The Ojos del Salado is the second highest mountain in the Andes. The Ojos del Salado is actually a volcano that has been extinct for centuries. In the central Andes there are two large lakes: Lake Titicaca, which lies on the highlands between Peru and Bolivia, and the salty Poopó Lake in Bolivia.

The southern Andes runs at the tip of South America through the countries of Chile and Argentina. In this part is the highest peak of the Andes: the Aconcagua (6962 meters). The Aconcagua is located in the Aconcagua Provincial Park in the Argentine province of Mendoza. The southern Andes can be divided into the Andes de Transición, the Patagonian Andes and the Antartandes. The highest parts are located in the Andes de Transición. This can therefore be seen as the roof of the Andes. In the Patagonian Andes, the average height is already starting to drop considerably and the mountain range still has an average height of 3000 meters. In the Antartandes, the mountain range disappears completely into the sea and only rises before Tierra del Fuego, where it merges into the Scotia Ridge, which as the South Orkney Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands,

The climate of the Andes is very diverse and each region has its own climate, but in general there is a high mountain climate. The north of the Andes is rainy and warm, the southern part is rainy and cool, while the central part is again very dry. The mountains have a major influence on the climate around it, especially in the more inland parts, where the Andes Mountains border the rainforest. In the parts closer to the ocean, various winds have a major influence on temperatures and precipitation. The highest peaks of the Andes have the so-called eternal snow. The climate data below cannot provide a clear picture of the climate in the Andes. One should assume that the higher you go, the cooler it is and that also applies to the road south. Precipitation in the Andes will fall in the form of snow in many places. The sea temperatures mentioned below are also an average for the various places where the Andes or its foothills come into contact with the ocean.

Climate figures

The figures below are based on long-term average climate statistics. The temperatures are displayed in degrees Celsius (°C).

maximum temperature minimum temperature hours of sunshine per day days of rainfall per month amount of rainfall per month water temperature
January 16℃ 5℃ 8 11 20℃
February 15℃ 5℃ 8 12 21℃
March 13℃ 3℃ 6 14 21℃
April 10℃ 1℃ 5 13 17℃
May 5℃ -2℃ 4 12 14℃
June 3℃ -4℃ 4 15 13℃
July 2℃ -5℃ 4 13 12℃
August 4℃ -3℃ 5 16 10℃
September 8℃ -2℃ 5 14 12℃
October 11℃ 0℃ 7 11 13℃
November 13℃ 3℃ 8 12 15℃
December 15℃ 4℃ 8 10 18℃

Weather in the Andes Mountains

Do you want to know what the weather is like in the Andes Mountains and what the current weather forecast for the Andes Mountains looks like? On our weather forecast pages for the Andes Mountains you can see what the current temperature is, what temperatures you can expect in the coming days and what the feeling is. In addition, you can view the probability of precipitation, what type of precipitation is expected (for example, snow or rain) and approximately how much precipitation can fall within 24 hours. The general weather picture is just as important as the temperature or the chance of precipitation. Will it be sunny or heavily cloudy? What is the wind direction and how high is the wind force? Thanks to our accurate weather data, you can get a good idea of ​​the weather conditions you may encounter within the Andes Mountains. Below you can see all the places in the Andes Mountains for which we offer weather forecasts.

The weather in January

In the month of January, the average maximum temperature in the Andes Mountains is around 16 degrees Celsius. The average minimum temperature in January is 5 degrees. The number of hours that the sun is visible in January at this destination is around 8 hours per day. Within the whole month there is rainfall for about 11 days. If you look at the long-term averages, this means that there will not be much precipitation this month.

The weather in February

In the month of February, the average maximum temperature in the Andes Mountains is around 15 degrees Celsius. The average minimum temperature in February is 5 degrees. The number of hours that the sun is visible in February at this destination is around 8 hours per day. Within the whole month there is precipitation for about 12 days. If you look at the long-term averages, this means that there will not be much precipitation this month.

The weather in March

In the month of March, the average maximum temperature in the Andes Mountains is around 13 degrees Celsius. The average minimum temperature in March is 3 degrees. The number of hours that the sun is visible in March at this destination is around 6 hours per day. Within the whole month there is precipitation for about 14 days. If you look at the long-term averages, this means that there will not be much precipitation this month.

The weather in April

In the month of April, the average maximum temperature in the Andes Mountains is around 10 degrees Celsius. The average minimum temperature in April is 1 degrees. The number of hours that the sun is visible in April at this destination is around 5 hours per day. Within the whole month there is precipitation for about 13 days. If you look at the long-term averages, this means that there will not be much precipitation this month.

The weather in May

In the month of May, the average maximum temperature in the Andes Mountains is around 5 degrees Celsius. The average minimum temperature in May is -2 degrees. The number of hours that the sun is visible in May in this destination is around 4 hours per day. Within the whole month there is precipitation for about 12 days. If you look at the long-term averages, this means that there will not be much precipitation this month.

The weather in June

In the month of June, the average maximum temperature in the Andes Mountains is around 3 degrees Celsius. The average minimum temperature in June is -4 degrees. The number of hours that the sun is visible in June at this destination is around 4 hours per day. Within the whole month there is rainfall for about 15 days. If you look at the long-term averages, this means that there will not be much precipitation this month.

The weather in July

In July, the average maximum temperature in the Andes Mountains is around 2 degrees Celsius. The average minimum temperature in July is -5 degrees. The number of hours that the sun is visible in July at this destination is around 4 hours per day. Within the whole month there is precipitation for about 13 days. If you look at the long-term averages, this means that there will not be much precipitation this month.

The weather in August

In the month of August, the average maximum temperature in the Andes Mountains is around 4 degrees Celsius. The average minimum temperature in August is -3 degrees. The number of hours that the sun is visible in August in this destination is around 5 hours per day. Within the whole month there is precipitation for about 16 days. If you look at the long-term averages, this means that there will not be much precipitation this month.

The weather in September

In September, the average maximum temperature in the Andes Mountains is around 8 degrees Celsius. The average minimum temperature in September is -2 degrees. The number of hours that the sun is visible in September in this destination is around 5 hours per day. Within the whole month there is precipitation for about 14 days. If you look at the long-term averages, this means that there will not be much precipitation this month.

The weather in October

In October, the average maximum temperature in the Andes Mountains is around 11 degrees Celsius. The average minimum temperature in October is 0 degrees. The number of hours that the sun is visible in October at this destination is around 7 hours per day. Within the whole month there is rainfall for about 11 days. If you look at the long-term averages, this means that there will not be much precipitation this month.

The weather in November

In November, the average maximum temperature in the Andes Mountains is around 13 degrees Celsius. The average minimum temperature in November is 3 degrees. The number of hours that the sun is visible in November at this destination is around 8 hours per day. Within the whole month there is precipitation for about 12 days. If you look at the long-term averages, this means that there will not be much precipitation this month.

The weather in December

In the month of December, the average maximum temperature in the Andes Mountains is around 15 degrees Celsius. The average minimum temperature in December is 4 degrees. The number of hours that the sun is visible in December at this destination is around 8 hours per day. Within the whole month there is precipitation for about 10 days. If you look at the long-term averages, this means that there will not be much precipitation this month.

Andes Mountains, Chile

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